I thought it might be fun to document a shirt using a dictionary from the time-period. This morning I pulled up the Google Books copy of A New General English Dictionary from 1771.
First, the basics:
|SHIRT (S.) a garment commonly worn by men next|
[to] their skin, and generally made of linen.
|GA'RMENT (S.) any sort of cloathing or covering of|
|LI'NEN (S.) sometimes means cloth in whole pieces made|
of flax or hemp, and sometimes shirts, shifts, sheets, table-
cloths, etc. made of such cloth.
|CLOTH (S.) the matter or substance whereof garments are|
made, which is sometimes composed of woollen, line, silk, etc.
So what about the parts of the shirt? The pattern I'm following has sleeves, gussets, a body, buttons, etc.
|[SLEE]VE (S.) that part of a garment that [cont]ains the arm.|
|GU'SSET (S.) a piece of cloth much broader at one end than|
the other, that is sown into other pieces to widen it, as women
do their shifts, seaman their sails, etc. ...
|CO'LLAR (S.) ... also the narrow cape of a coat, the upper|
part or band of a shirt, made fit to go about a person's neck;...
|WRI'ST-BAND (S.) the broad fillet at the bottom of a shirt|
sleeve, etc. wherein all the plaits are sewn or inserted, etc.
and which buttons round the wrist, etc.
|STUD (S.) ... sometimes 1 small button with two flat heads and|
a neck between, used to button the wristbands or collars, etc.
of mens shirts; ...
|BO'DY (S.) ... In Geometry, it is any thing|
that has the dimensions of length, breadth,
and thickness, and particularly the tetrahedron,
consisting of four triangles...
|SEW (V.) to stitch or join cloth, etc. together with a needle,|
an awl, etc. ...
|STITCH (S.) a single operation of the needle, awl, etc. ...|
STITCH (V.) to sew or fasten things together with a needle
|THREAD (S.) small twine of flax, wool, or silk, spun or twisted|
together, for the use of sewing things together.
THREA'D or THRE'DDLE (V.) to put thread, silk, worsted, etc.
into a needle.
|NEE'DLE (S.) a small instrument used in sewing; and according|
to the application, it is different denominated; as, a stitchig-needle,
a flocking-needle, a packing-needle, etc. ...
|SCI'SSORS or SI'ZZARS (S.) an instrument used for|
many purposes, but especially to cut cloth, etc. made
of steel or hardened iron consisting of two sides or
cheeks made very sharp, and fastened with a rivet to
 Dyche, Thomas, and William Pardon, ed. A New General English Dictionary Peculiarly Calculated for the Use and Improvement of Such as are Unaquainted With the Learned Languages. London: 1771. http://books.google.com (accessed November 30, 2013).